Gum Grafting Surgery Review

Gum GraftingA receding gum line is sign that you have gum disease. Gingivitis is gum disease caused by bacteria that infect the gums (gingiva). Bacteria feed on plaque and tartar on the surface of the teeth. The bacteria make acids which destroy enamel, causing tooth decay and inflammation of the gums. You can reverse gum disease in the early stages with the help of your dentist. At this stage you can expect <gum recession grow back. If gingivitis is untreated in may progress into a more serious condition called periodontitis, which requires more aggressive measures.

In addition to gum recession, other gum disease symptoms include bad breath, swollen gums, new spaces developing between teeth, bad taste in your mouth, loose teeth, and a change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite.

Periodontitis may require gum grafting, bone grafting, and osseous surgery. Prior to gum grafting the dentist will scale and plane the roots of the affected teeth. This procedure removes bacteria and smoothes the surface of the root. Tissue may be removed from the roof of the mouth to be used for the gum grafting. Synthetic graft material is also available. The tissue is stitched in place. Gum pain can be expected after gum grafting surgery. Other procedures may be needed in addition to gum grafting. Since periodontitis can destroy bone as well as tissue, a bone graft might also be done. Another procedure is osseous surgery in which the tooth socket is reshaped so that the tooth fits more securely.

Prevention is clearly better than having to go through these treatments. Brush twice a day and floss daily to prevent gum disease. Remember: You only need to floss the teeth you want to keep!