Top 5 Diseases Causing Bloody Phlegm

Bloody PhlegmSeeing blood in coughed up phlegm might be very alarming for anybody, however depending on the intensity of the color and quantity of blood in it will determine the seriousness of the condition. Bloody phlegm will vary in color from light pink frothy to occassional red streaks to bright red bloody sputum. Mayo clinic advises seeking immediate doctor’s help if bloody phlegm becomes abundant and scarlet red in nature.

Bloody phlegm could be a very dangerous symptom that should be evaluated by your doctor as soon as possible to start you on a treatment program and prevent serious health complications. In many cases the color of phlegm combined with persistent cough symptoms provide your health practitioner with important clues necessary to pin point the culprit of your symptoms.

Excessive mucus secreted from your lungs, bronchi and sinuses is body’s protective mechanism necessary to envelope harmful bacteria and irritants to later expel them from the body and make you feel better.

Abundant bloody phlegm can be a sign of a serious lung infection, tumor, or a grave medical condition. Bloody phlegm color range can go from bright red blood to a few bloody streaks present in throat mucus.

Listed below are five diseases that might cause you to cough up bloody phlegm.

1. Lung cancer causes healthy lung cells to be taken over by sickly cancer tissues causing complete loss of lung function, persistent cough and bloody phlegm. Lung cancer could be fatal if not detected at early stages and can spread to major organs and systems. Smokers should be especially on the look out for bright red streaks in their sputum signaling about potential development of the disease and report their symptoms to a doctor.

2. Pulmonary embolism is a life-threatening condition caused by a blood clot blocking a major artery or a blood vessel in the lungs. Blood clot formation is a result from post surgery complications, long periods of airplane or car rides and other predisposing conditions. Bloody phlegm can be one of many pulmonary embolism symptoms. Some patients report seeing pink frothy sputum that should be immediately reported to a doctor.

3. Sarcoidosis is an autoimmune disorder that makes body’s immune cells to attack the body itself and not foreign invaders it would normally try to neutralize. Immune system cells cluster together to form granulomas that leads to a complete organ failure over time. If sarcoidosis affects the lung tissues, it might cause significant bloody phlegm and lung dysfunction.

4. Pseudomonas pneumonia could eventually lead to bloody phlegm symptoms. This lung infection almost always affects critically ill patients in need of artificial breathing ventilators, humidifiers and other hospital equipment. This condition requires immediate antibiotic intervention to help save patients’ lives.

5. Tuberculosis is one of the culprits for making you cough up bloody phlegm. It’s a highly contagious lung disease triggered by a strain of mycobacterium that literally starts digesting healthy lung tissues. Tuberculosis can affect persons with compromised immune systems succumbed to serious illnesses like cancer or HIV, children and elderly patients. Tuberculosis is especially wide spread in tightly populated communities like prisons or shelters. The disease is less common in the US compared to the developing countries, however extensive international travel is bringing lots of new cases to the country. The disease only produces bloody phlegm when it’s in its active phase showcasing other symptoms like fever, night chills, weight loss and unstoppable, exhausting cough.