Ventilator Associated Pneumonia Treatment

Ventilator Associated PneumoniaPneumonia is a respiratory infection of the lungs. Viruses, bacteria, or fungi that get past the body’s protection system and into the lungs cause infection. The body responds to these invaders by sending immune cells to the lungs. The action of the immune cells causes inflammation, making it hard to breathe and allowing pus and fluid to accumulate in the lungs. This is what happens when you have pneumonia. The lungs are divided into sections called lobes. If you get pneumonia in more than one lobe you have multilobar pneumonia.

The way in which a person gets pneumonia determines the particular name. For example, Aspiration pneumonia occurs when food, liquids, or vomit get sucked down into the lungs. Other types include community associated pneumonia (CAP), ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP), or hospital associated pneumonia (HAP). Ventilator associated pneumonia is particularly dangerous. The germ that causes ventilator associated pneumonia comes through the very machine designed to preserve life. If a strong germ is present, the immune system is already compromised, and your body does not filter out the germs, you are a candidate for ventilator associated pneumonia.

Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia is a condition that has no known cause. It is characterized by development of fibrous tissue in the little air sacs in the lungs (alveoli). This type of pneumonia often appears in people who have underlying autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis.

The symptoms of pneumonia in adults include

1. Coughing up phlegm

2. A cough that does not improve or gets worse

3. High fever

4. Feeling chilled and shaking

5. Becoming short of breath when you do normal activities

6. Suddenly feeling worse after you have the flu or a cold

7. Experiencing chest pain when breathing or coughing

If you have these symptoms, call your doctor. Most pneumonia is treatable. The sooner you begin treatment, the better your outcome will be.